Ferrari’s 12-cylinder GT sports car prowess is represented at this week’s Geneva Auto Show by the FF, the first four-seater with four-wheel drive in Prancing Horse history. The $295,000 base price, Pininfarina styled, 683 horsepower FF (FF stands for “Ferrari Four”—four seats plus four-wheel drive) on display is wearing Grigio Ingrid livery with an elegant glass roof and Iroko interior.
The FF is also now seamlessly integrated with Apple technologies, thanks to direct access to the infotainment system via SIRI voice commands and the adoption of two iPad minis installed in the back of the front seat headrests as the entertainment system of choice for the rear seat passengers.
The Ferrari FF iPad mini integration is the result of technological innovation acquired through Ferrari’s close relationship with Apple. According to a Bloomberg Businessweek report, Ferrari is in talks with Apple about broadening a partnership on in-car entertainment, with Ferrari’s President, Luca di Montezemolo commenting at the Geneva show that the company will be “more precise” about its partnership with Apple Inc. in the next few months. Mr. Di Montezemolo is a known Apple fan, and had talks with Apple CEO Tim Cook at the Cupertino campus last April. Eddy Cue, Apple’s senior vice president of Internet software and services (who oversees Apple’s content stores, including the iTunes Store, the App Store and the iBookstore, as well as Siri, Maps, iAd and Apple’s iCloud services) was elected to Ferrari’s board of directors last fall.
“I am pleased and proud to become a member of the board,” Cue said, commenting on his nomination. “I have personally dreamed of owning a Ferrari since I was 8 years old and have been lucky to be an owner for the past five years. I continue to be awed by the world-class design and engineering that only Ferrari can do.” I noted here at the time that Mr. Cue’s appointment made Ferrari/Apple product crossovers or tie-ins virtually inevitable.
There is also a Ferrari FF app available in the App Store, with which you can configure your own FF (if only in your dreams). Choose from the wide range of colours for the body and the interior, and watch the official video and the photos with exciting backgrounds: from sand in the desert to snow in the Alps.
You can read reviews, get customer ratings, see screenshots, and learn about the secrets of the Ferrari FF in 4 sections with exclusive content:
- Car Configurator: personalize your FF and choose your preferred color and details for the body and the interior.
- Design & Emotion: follow the Ferrari FF on the trips from Tierra del Fuego to the snow in Finland, through the desert of Abu Dhabi. Enjoy the official video and the most exciting photos.
- Environment: discover the Ferrari FF in different contexts in action on challenging, snow-covered roads in the Dolomites and on everyday-roads.
- Technology: discover the technological secrets of the FF. The model’s unique innovations are presented in high-res digital videos: engine, gearbox and versatility.
The application is compatible with iPad, requires iOS 5.0 or later, is exclusively available in English, and is free.
However, as cool as it is, the FF, which was originally unveiled at the Geneva show two years ago, is not the main attraction on the Ferrari stand this year. That would be the LaFerrari. The iconic Italian exoticar maker’s eagerly-anticipated limited-series special, of which just 499 will be built, made its world debut this week at the Geneva International Motor Show.
“We chose to call this model LaFerrari,” said Mr. di Montezemolo, “because it is the maximum expression of what defines our company excellence. Excellence in terms of technological innovation, performance, styling and the sheer thrill of driving. Aimed at our collectors, this is a truly extraordinary car which encompasses advanced solutions that, in the future, will find their way onto the rest of the range, and it represents the benchmark for the entire automotive industry. LaFerrari is the finest expression of our company’s unique, unparalleled engineering and design know-how, including that acquired in Formula 1.”
That high degree of high-tech integration makes the LaFerrari of special interest to tech-oriented folks, notwithstanding the absence of tablet computers in that model.
For Ferrari, the development of a limited-series special like the LaFerrari represents an opportunity to experiment with technological solutions that will later filter down onto the production cars. Of particular significance in this context is the introduction of the hybrid system, making full use of the Scuderia Ferrari’s Formula 1 hybrid KERS technology know-how.
The technology used, known as HY-KERS, represents an optimum combination of maximum performance and lower emissions. Ferrari claims that LaFerrari emits just 330 g/km of CO2, but without resorting to electric-only drive, which would not fit the design mission of this model. The HY-KERS system is, however, designed so that in future applications a car can be driven using exclusively electric power for a few kilometres, and during development testing, a full-electric version of LaFerrari achieved just 220 g/km of C02 emissions on the combined cycle.
The LaFerrari is also equipped with dynamic controls that are integrated for the first time ever on a Ferrari road car with active aerodynamics and the HY-KERS system. Thanks to Ferrari’s proprietary logic that governs all the systems, the car can achieve absolute levels of performance, aerodynamic efficiency and handling without compromise in any area. This advanced and uncompromising approach was also carried over to the interior design, which features an HMI inspired by Ferrari’s F1 single-seater racers.
Ferrari says the LaFerrari’s architecture posed the first challenge for the Prancing Horse team at the planning stage of the design. The aim was to achieve ideal weight distribution (59% at the rear) and a compact wheelbase despite the extra bulk of the hybrid system. The result is that all of the masses are situated between the car’s two axles and as close as possible to the ground to lower its centre of gravity (by 35 millimetres) and thereby enhance both dynamic handling and compact dimensions.
The layout of the cabin made a significant contribution in this regard. The seat is fixed and tailored to the driver while both the pedal box and steering wheel are adjustable. The driving position is similar to that of a single-seater and was designed after consultation with the Scuderia Ferrari drivers, Fernando Alonso and Felipe Massa, who played an active role throughout the entire development process.
The LaFerrari’s chassis features no less than four different types of carbon-fibre, all hand-laminated and autoclave-cured in the racing department using the same design and production methods as the Formula 1 car. This helped optimise the design: various functions were integrated (e.g. seats and battery compartment) into the chassis to improve torsional rigidity (+27%) and beam stiffness (+22%) whilst cutting weight.
The LaFerrari is the first car in Ferrari history to be powered by the HY-KERS system, with a 6,262 cc V12 that punches out 800 horsepower, and revs to a maximum of 9,250 rpm, a record for an engine of this displacement. It also features a very high 13.5:1 compression ratio and a high specific output equal to 128 horsepower per litre. The engine is coupled with a 120 Kw (163 CV) electric motor, giving it a combined power output of 963 horsepower.
The high torque levels available at low revs from the electric motor allowed the engineers to optimise the internal combustion engine’s performance at higher revs, thus providing a constant supply of exceptional power throughout the rev range. Total torque generated is in excess of 900 Nm.
The hybrid system is composed of two electric motors developed in collaboration with Magneti Marelli one powering the driven wheels and the second the ancillaries and a battery pack attached to the floor of the chassis consisting of cells that are assembled in the Scuderia Ferrari department where the KERS for the F138 is also made. The Scuderia’s expertise allowed considerable savings in weight and size of the individual components and the batteries weigh just 60 kg while providing the highest energy density possible for this kind of application.
The batteries are charged in different ways: under braking (even hard braking with the ABS active) and every time the V12 produces more torque than required, such as in cornering. In the latter instance, rather than the being sent to the wheels, the excess torque is converted to energy and stored in the batteries.
The electric motor is coupled with the F1 dual-clutch gearbox to the benefit of optimal weight distribution, but also to boosting energy efficiency as torque is instantly available to the wheels and, vice versa, from the wheels to the electric motor in recharging.
Active aerodynamics allow a complete adjustability of the car’s configuration to attain optimum performance. The engineers’ design target was to deliver the highest degree of aerodynamic efficiency ever achieved with any road car, with a coefficient of nearly 3, thanks to technical solutions honed with CFD analysis and fine-tuned in the F1 Wind Tunnel.
To boost efficiency, LaFerrari sports active aerodynamic devices front (diffusers and guide vane on the underbody) and rear (diffusers and rear spoiler) which generate downforce when needed without compromising the car’s overall drag coefficient. These devices deploy automatically on the basis of a number of different performance parameters which are monitored in real time by the car’s dynamic vehicle controls, thus guaranteeing the ideal configuration on the basis of the driving conditions.
Another innovative aspect of the LaFerrari is integration of its active aerodynamics and hybrid system with the other dynamic control systems aboard. This means the car responds intelligently to driver inputs, making for a seamless blend of unprecedented performance and unparalleled driving emotions.
Proprietary Ferrari algorithms deliver optimal integration of the electric motor and V12 for instantaneous response. In cornering, for instance, the HY-KERS keeps the V12′s revs high to guarantee better acceleration on exit.
The LaFerrari’s Brembo braking system is also integrated with the hybrid system, and incorporates several new features, including new lightweight callipers designed to guarantee correct cooling and carbon-ceramic material (CCM) discs featuring a new composition.
The car’s extreme performance potential called for a different tire set-up, with 265/30 R 19 Pirelli P-Zeros on the front and 345/30 R 20s on the rear.
Performance levels are top-drawer: 0-100 km/h in less than 3 seconds and 0-200 km/h in under seven seconds, a lap time at Ferrari’s Fiorano test track of under 1’20″—five seconds faster than the Ferrari Enzo and over three seconds faster than the F12 Berlinetta. LaFerrari is thus the fastest road car in Maranello’s long history.
The Ferrari design team, led by Flavio Manzoni, developed the LaFerrari’s styling working in close synergy with the engineers to emphasise the exacting link between form and function. The result is an extreme, innovative design which retains close links to the marque’s tradition. This is most evident in its side profile; the car has a sharp, downward-sloping nose and a very low bonnet that emphasises its muscular wheel-arches, a clear nod to the gloriously exuberant forms of the Pininfarina-styled late-1960s Ferrari sports prototypes.
The LaFerrari’s body has been given a sculptural treatment heavily influenced by its clearly F1-inspired aerodynamics and a tail section that exudes uncompromising sportiness.
Inside, there’s a newly-designed steering wheel incorporating all the major commands. The gear-shift paddles are now longer and more ergonomic. The signature bridge on which the F1 gearbox functions are clustered has taken on a sleek, suspended wing-like shape. The whole interior, in fact, has a fiercely track-inspired functional minimalism
The Ferrari Range
Aside from the FF and this new limited-series special, the Ferrari stand at Geneva features the complete model range, which is claimed to be the most diverse and critically acclaimed in the company’s history. The five models all share the same Ferrari DNA in terms of performance, driving pleasure and technology, yet each one has its own strongly unique identity, in line with the company’s philosophy of “different Ferraris for different Ferraristi”.
Blistering performance and sublime driving pleasure even at low speeds are assured behind the wheel of the multi-award-winning F12 Berlinetta, which is powered by a mid-front V12. Unique handling characteristics, extreme aerodynamics and an innovative yet classic design are its signatures. The car on show at Geneva has a Grigio Silverstone livery and a Sella di Cavallo interior.
Moving on to Ferrari’s 8-cylinder models, the California 30, in sophisticated Nero Stellato with a Crema interior, is a convertible GT that uncompromisingly marries sportiness and versatility. The California’s already-substantial popularity with both press and public alike grew still further after its V8′s output was upped by 30 hp to 490 hp, and 30 kg was slashed off its overall weight.
The blistering 458 Italia is a sublime, thoroughbred sports car. It and its drop-top sibling, the 458 Spider, are equipped with the same extraordinary mid-rear-mounted V8 engine which was named International Engine of the Year in both 2011 and 2012. These two models continue Ferrari’s tradition with this particular layout. The coupe seen at Geneva sports an aggressive Bianco Avus livery and sleek black interior with carbon-fibre trim, while the Spider, which dominates the Tailor-Made extreme personalisation area, takes its inspiration from the legendary 1957 250 Testa Rossa that sold for a record 16 million dollars at auction at Pebble Beach in 2011. It has the same red and blue livery and a host of competition car details in its cabin, not least of which are suede-upholstered seats and Alutex trim.
For more information, visit www.ferrari.com.