The full-size Ford Transit is coming to America to replace ancient E-Series, and it’s bringing an oil-burner.
According to a Ford press release, the 3.2-liter five-cylinder diesel engine destined for the high-cube Transit commercial van is not new– it has powered a number of European Transits, not to mention the updated global Ranger pickup the rest of the world got when Ford made the decision to kill the model in North America. The engine will receive the customary Power Stroke brand name in North America, though it has been known under the name DuraTorq elsewhere in the world.
Regardless of its name, the engine promises to be powerful and efficient. With piezoelectric fuel injectors fed through a high-pressure (how’s 26,100 psi for high-pressure?) common rail fuel system, much like the brand’s F-Series Super Duty truck V8 diesel engines, the Transit’s smaller diesel engine is rated in Europe at 197 horsepower and 347 lb.-ft. of torque. Those numbers have “not been certified for North America,” the release said.
Ford says it has tuned the ignition timing and fuel mixture precisely in an effort not only to maximize efficiency and power, but also to reduce diesel engine clatter. Each injector nozzle has eight spray holes and can deliver up to five injections per combustion cycle. A pilot injection controls noise levels and a main injection is used for power generation, the release said. The engine features a flat torque curve, if Ford’s release is to be believed: 90% of peak torque is available between 1,700 and 3,500 RPM.
Fuel economy estimates for the Transit diesel have not been released for the U.S.-spec engine at this time. Ford would only offer a quote from its Vice President of Powertrain Engineering, Joe Bakaj, who said, “We’re confident our commercial van customers will be extremely pleased with the 3.2-liter’s fuel economy, performance and running costs.”